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Gel-like inclusions of C-terminal fragments of TDP-43 sequester stalled proteasomes in neurons.

EMBO Rep. 2022 Apr 19:e53890. doi: 10.15252/embr.202153890. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35438230.

Authors/Editors: Riemenschneider H, Guo Q, Bader J, Frottin F, Farny D, Kleinberger G, Haass C, Mann M, Hartl FU, Baumeister W, Hipp MS, Meissner F, Fernández-Busnadiego R, Edbauer D.
Publication Date: 2022

Abstract

Aggregation of the multifunctional RNA-binding protein TDP-43 defines large subgroups of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia and correlates with neurodegeneration in both diseases. In disease, characteristic C-terminal fragments of ~25 kDa ("TDP-25") accumulate in cytoplasmic inclusions. Here, we analyze gain-of-function mechanisms of TDP-25 combining cryo-electron tomography, proteomics, and functional assays. In neurons, cytoplasmic TDP-25 inclusions are amorphous, and photobleaching experiments reveal gel-like biophysical properties that are less dynamic than nuclear TDP-43. Compared with full-length TDP-43, the TDP-25 interactome is depleted of low-complexity domain proteins. TDP-25 inclusions are enriched in 26S proteasomes adopting exclusively substrate-processing conformations, suggesting that inclusions sequester proteasomes, which are largely stalled and no longer undergo the cyclic conformational changes required for proteolytic activity. Reporter assays confirm that TDP-25 impairs proteostasis, and this inhibitory function is enhanced by ALS-causing TDP-43 mutations. These findings support a patho-physiological relevance of proteasome dysfunction in ALS/FTD.

 

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