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Regional Associations of Cortical Superficial Siderosis and β-Amyloid-Positron-Emission-Tomography Positivity in Patients With Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy.

Front Aging Neurosci. 2022 Feb 3;13:786143. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2021.786143. PMID: 35185518; PMCID: PMC8851392.

Authors/Editors: Finze A, Wahl H, Janowitz D, Buerger K, Linn J, Rominger A, Stöcklein S, Bartenstein P, Wollenweber FA, Catak C, Brendel M.
Publication Date: 2022


Objective: This is a cross-sectional study to evaluate whether β-amyloid-(Aβ)-PET positivity and cortical superficial siderosis (cSS) in patients with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) are regionally colocalized.

Methods: Ten patients with probable or possible CAA (73.3 ± 10.9 years, 40% women) underwent MRI examination with a gradient-echo-T2*-weighted-imaging sequence to detect cSS and 18F-florbetaben PET examination to detect fibrillar Aβ. In all cortical regions of the Hammers Atlas, cSS positivity (MRI: ITK-SNAP segmentation) and Aβ-PET positivity (PET: ≥ mean value + 2 standard deviations of 14 healthy controls) were defined. Regional agreement of cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity was evaluated. Aβ-PET quantification was compared between cSS-positive and corresponding contralateral cSS-negative atlas regions. Furthermore, the Aβ-PET quantification of cSS-positive regions was evaluated in voxels close to cSS and in direct cSS voxels.

Results: cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity did not indicate similarity of their regional patterns, despite a minor association between the frequency of Aβ-positive patients and the frequency of cSS-positive patients within individual regions (rs = 0.277, p = 0.032). However, this association was driven by temporal regions lacking cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity. When analyzing all composite brain regions, Aβ-PET values in regions close to cSS were significantly higher than in regions directly affected with cSS (p < 0.0001). However, Aβ-PET values in regions close to cSS were not different when compared to corresponding contralateral cSS-negative regions (p = 0.603).

Conclusion: In this cross-sectional study, cSS and Aβ-PET positivity did not show regional association in patients with CAA and deserve further exploitation in longitudinal designs. In clinical routine, a specific cross-sectional evaluation of Aβ-PET in cSS-positive regions is probably not useful for visual reading of Aβ-PETs in patients with CAA.

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