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Keratinocyte-intrinsic BCL10/MALT1 activity initiates and amplifies psoriasiform skin inflammation.

Sci Immunol. 2021 Nov 26;6(65):eabi4425. doi: 10.1126/sciimmunol.abi4425. Epub 2021 Nov 26. PMID: 34826258.

Authors/Editors: Kurgyis Z, Vornholz L, Pechloff K, Kemény LV, Wartewig T, Muschaweckh A, Joshi A, Kranen K, Hartjes L, Möckel S, Steiger K, Hameister E, Volz T, Mellett M, French LE, Biedermann T, Korn T, Ruland J.
Publication Date: 2021

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease arising from poorly defined pathological cross-talk between keratinocytes and the immune system. BCL10 (B cell lymphoma/leukemia 10) and MALT1 (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1) are ubiquitously expressed inflammatory signaling proteins that can interact with the psoriasis susceptibility factor CARD14, but their functions in psoriasis are insufficiently understood. We report that although keratinocyte-intrinsic BCL10/MALT1 deletions completely rescue inflammatory skin pathology triggered by germline Card14 gain-of-function mutation in mice, the BCL10/MALT1 signalosome is unexpectedly not involved in the CARD14-dependent interleukin-17 receptor (IL-17R) proximal pathway. Instead, it plays a more pleiotropic role by amplifying keratinocyte responses to a series of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-17A, IL-1β, and TNF. Moreover, selective keratinocyte-intrinsic activation of BCL10/MALT1 signaling with an artificial engager molecule is sufficient to initiate lymphocyte-mediated psoriasiform skin inflammation, and aberrant BCL10/MALT1 activity is frequently detected in the skin of human sporadic psoriasis. Together, these results establish that BCL10/MALT1 signalosomes can act as initiators and crucial amplifiers of psoriatic skin inflammation and indicate a critical function for this complex in sporadic psoriasis.

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