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Immunotherapy and cardiovascular diseases (CVD): novel avenues for immunotherapeutic approaches.

QJM. 2021 Jul 22:hcab207. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcab207. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34293177.

Authors/Editors: Bonfiglio CA, Weber C, Atzler D, Lutgens E.
Publication Date: 2021

Abstract

As current therapies for cardiovascular disease (CVD), predominantly based on lipid lowering, still face an unacceptable residual risk, novel treatment strategies are being explored. Besides lipids, inflammatory processes play a major role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of the majority of CVD. The first clinical trials targeting the interleukin-1β-inflammasome axis have shown that targeting this pathway is successful in reducing cardiovascular events but did not decrease overall CVD mortality. Hence, novel and improved immunotherapeutics to treat CVD are being awaited.

In this review we highlight novel immunotherapeutic approaches in CVD as well as future challenges ahead.

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