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Role of iRhoms 1 and 2 in Endochondral Ossification.

Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Nov 19;21(22):8732. doi: 10.3390/ijms21228732. PMID: 33227998; PMCID: PMC7699240.

Authors/Editors: Fang R, Haxaire C, Otero M, Lessard S, Weskamp G, McIlwain DR, Mak TW, Lichtenthaler SF, Blobel CP.
Publication Date: 2020

Abstract

Growth of the axial and appendicular skeleton depends on endochondral ossification, which is controlled by tightly regulated cell-cell interactions in the developing growth plates. Previous studies have uncovered an important role of a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) in the normal development of the mineralized zone of hypertrophic chondrocytes during endochondral ossification. ADAM17 regulates EGF-receptor signaling by cleaving EGFR-ligands such as TGFα from their membrane-anchored precursor. The activity of ADAM17 is controlled by two regulatory binding partners, the inactive Rhomboids 1 and 2 (iRhom1, 2), raising questions about their role in endochondral ossification. To address this question, we generated mice lacking iRhom2 (iR2-/-) with floxed alleles of iRhom1 that were specifically deleted in chondrocytes by Col2a1-Cre (iR1∆Ch). The resulting iR2-/-iR1∆Ch mice had retarded bone growth compared to iR2-/- mice, caused by a significantly expanded zone of hypertrophic mineralizing chondrocytes in the growth plate. Primary iR2-/-iR1∆Ch chondrocytes had strongly reduced shedding of TGFα and other ADAM17-dependent EGFR-ligands. The enlarged zone of mineralized hypertrophic chondrocytes in iR2-/-iR1∆Ch mice closely resembled the abnormal growth plate in A17∆Ch mice and was similar to growth plates in Tgfα-/- mice or mice with EGFR mutations. These data support a model in which iRhom1 and 2 regulate bone growth by controlling the ADAM17/TGFα/EGFR signaling axis during endochondral ossification.

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