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Harmonizing brain magnetic resonance imaging methods for vascular contributions to neurodegeneration.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst). 2019 Feb 26;11:191-204. doi: 10.1016/j.dadm.2019.01.002. eCollection 2019 Dec.

Authors/Editors: Smith EE, Biessels GJ, De Guio F, de Leeuw FE, Duchesne S, Düring M, Frayne R, Ikram MA, Jouvent E, MacIntosh BJ, Thrippleton MJ, Vernooij MW, Adams H, Backes WH, Ballerini L, Black SE, Chen C, Corriveau R, DeCarli C, Greenberg SM, Gurol ME, Ingrisch M, Job D, Lam BYK, Launer LJ, Linn J, McCreary CR, Mok VCT, Pantoni L, Pike GB, Ramirez J, Reijmer YD, Romero JR, Ropele S, Rost NS, Sachdev PS, Scott CJM, Seshadri S, Sharma M, Sourbron S, Steketee RME, Swartz RH, van Oostenbrugge R, van Osch M, van Rooden S, Viswanathan A, Werring D, Dichgans M, Wardlaw JM.
Publication Date: 2019

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Many consequences of cerebrovascular disease are identifiable by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but variation in methods limits multicenter studies and pooling of data. The European Union Joint Program on Neurodegenerative Diseases (EU JPND) funded the HARmoNizing Brain Imaging MEthodS for VaScular Contributions to Neurodegeneration (HARNESS) initiative, with a focus on cerebral small vessel disease.

METHODS Surveys, teleconferences, and an in-person workshop were used to identify gaps in knowledge and to develop tools for harmonizing imaging and analysis.

RESULTS A framework for neuroimaging biomarker development was developed based on validating repeatability and reproducibility, biological principles, and feasibility of implementation. The status of current MRI biomarkers was reviewed. A website was created at www.harness-neuroimaging.org with acquisition protocols, a software database, rating scales and case report forms, and a deidentified MRI repository.

CONCLUSIONS The HARNESS initiative provides resources to reduce variability in measurement in MRI studies of cerebral small vessel disease.

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