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Aging-related changes in the cortical processing of otolith information in humans.

Eur J Neurosci. 2017 Oct 23. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13755. [Epub ahead of print]

Authors/Editors: Zu Eulenburg P, Ruehl RM, Runge P, Dieterich M.
Publication Date: 2017

2017_11_zu-eulenberg

Abstract

Acoustic short tone bursts (STB) trigger ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs/cVEMPs) by activating irregular otolith afferents. Simultaneously, STBs introduce an artificial net acceleration signal of otolith origin into the vestibular network. VEMP parameters as diagnostic otolith processing markers have been shown to decline after the age of thirty. To delineate the differential effects of healthy aging on the cortical vestibular subnetwork processing otolith information, we measured cVEMPs and the differential effects of unilateral STB in three age groups (20-40, 40-60, 60+; n=42) using functional neuroimaging. STB evoked responses in the main vestibular hubs in the parieto-opercular cortex. Whereas cVEMP amplitudes declined linearly with age, analysis of the BOLD response size depicted a u-shaped curve. Vestibular perception of the otolith stimulus on the other hand remained unchanged with age. Therefore, we propose that the comparably larger BOLD responses past the age of sixty could reflect a mechanism of central sensitization for otolith perception to counterbalance the concurrent peripheral vestibular and somatosensory functional decline. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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