Neurogenesis in the developing and adult brain—similarities and key differences
Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology. 2016 May 27. pii: a018853. DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a018853. [Epub ahead of print]
|Authors/Editors:||Götz M, Nakafuku M, Petrik D.|
Adult neurogenesis in the mammalian brain is often viewed as a continuation of neurogenesis at earlier, developmental stages. Here, we will critically review the extent to which this is the case highlighting similarities as well as key differences. Although many transcriptional regulators are shared in neurogenesis at embryonic and adult stages, recent findings on the molecular mechanisms by which these neuronal fate determinants control fate acquisition and maintenance have revealed profound differences between development and adulthood. Importantly, adult neurogenesis occurs in a gliogenic environment, hence requiring adult-specific additional and unique mechanisms of neuronal fate specification and maintenance. Thus, a better understanding of the molecular logic for continuous adult neurogenesis provides important clues to develop strategies to manipulate endogenous stem cells for the purpose of repair.