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Evaluation of early-phase [18F]-florbetaben PET acquisition in clinical routine cases

Neuroimage Clin. 2016 Oct 8;14:77-86. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2016.10.005. eCollection 2017.

Authors/Editors: Daerr S, Brendel M, Zach C, Mille E, Schilling D, Zacherl MJ, Bürger K, Danek A, Pogarell O, Schildan A, Patt M, Barthel H, Sabri O, Bartenstein P, Rominger A.
Publication Date: 2016



Objectives: In recent years several [18F]-labelled amyloid PET tracers have been developed and have obtained clinical approval. There is accumulating evidence that early (post injection) acquisitionswith these tracers are equally informative as conventional blood flow and metabolismstudies for diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, but there have been few side-by-side studies. Therefore, we investigated the performance of early acquisitions of [18F]- florbetaben (FBB) PET compared to [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET in a clinical setting.
Methods: All subjects were recruited with clinical suspicion of dementia due to neurodegenerative disease. FDG PET was undertaken by conventional methods, and amyloid PET was performed with FBB, with early recordings for the initial 10 min (early-phase FBB), and late recordings at 90–110 min p.i. (late-phase FBB). Regional SUVR with cerebellar and global mean normalization were calculated for early-phase FBB and FDG PET. Pearson correlation coefficients between FDG and early-phase FBB were calculated for predefined cortical brain regions. Furthermore, a visual interpretation of disease pattern using 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projections (3DSSP) was performed, with assessment of intra-reader agreement.
Results: Among a total of 33 patients (mean age 67.5± 11.0 years) included in the study, 18 were visually rated amyloid-positive, and 15 amyloid-negative based on late-phase FBB scans. Correlation coefficients for earlyphase FBB vs. FDG scans displayed excellent agreement in all target brain regions for global mean normalization. Cerebellar normalization gave strong, but significantly lower correlations. 3D representations of early-phase FBB visually resembled the corresponding FDG PET images, irrespective of the amyloid-status of the late FBB scans.
Conclusions: Early-phase FBB acquisitions correlate on a relative quantitative and visual level with FDG PET scans, irrespective of the amyloid plaque density assessed in late FBB imaging. Thus, early-phase FBB uptake depicts a metabolism-like image, suggesting it as a valid surrogatemarker for synaptic dysfunction,which could ultimately circumvent the need for additional FDG PET investigation in diagnosis of dementia.

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