Multifaceted role of SMCR8 as autophagy regulator
Small GTPases. 2017 Jul 11:0. doi: 10.1080/21541248.2017.1346553. [Epub ahead of print]
|Authors/Editors:||Jung J, Behrends C.|
Through autophagy intracellular material is engulfed by double membrane vesicles and delivered to lysosomes for degradation. This process requires Rab GTPases, Rab GAPs and Rab GEFs for proper membrane trafficking, since they control vesicle budding, targeting and fusion. Deregulation of autophagy contributes to several human diseases including cancer, bacterial or viral infections and neurodegeneration. This review focuses on the complex roles of the newly identified protein SMCR8 and its interaction partners during formation and maturation of autophagosomes as well as regulation of lysosomal function and further discusses their implication in neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS and FTD.